Literature review on cholera

Recent Cholera Publications on PubMed DOVE Stop Cholera Appropriate antibiotics can reduce the volume of diarrhoea due to cholera, reduce the volume of rehydration fluids needed, and shorten the duration of V. The current WHO recommendation is to give antibiotics only to cholera cases with severe dehydration. Vibrio cholerae O1 can cause life threatening diarrheal disease if left untreated. We conducted a cluster survey with sampling based on random GPS points.

PDF Vibrio cholerae - A Review Children under 12 years of age should be given a 3-day course of erythromycin (12.5 mg/kg – 4 times a day). Vibrio cholerae - A Review. Vibrio cholerae is a facultative anaerobic, Gram negative, non-spore forming curved rod, about 1.04-1.06 µm long. It is a facultative human pathogen found in coastal waters that causes the acute gastrointestinal disease, cholera, a major health threat in poor nations.

Cholera in travellers a systematic review Journal of. Children under 5 years of age should also be given zinc for 10 days (10 mg per day under 6 months, 20 mg per day above 6 months). This systematic review of the literature describes the circumstances in which cholera infection can occur in travellers and considers the possible value of the cholera vaccine for prevention in travellers. PubMed and EMBASE were searched for case reports of cholera or diarrhoea among travellers, with date limits of 1 January 1990–30 April 2018.

REFERENCES - UpToDate For older children and adults, a 3-day course of tetracycline (12.5 mg/kg – 4 times a day) or a single dose of doxycycline (300 mg) is recommended. Severe hypovolemia may occur within hours of the onset of symptoms. In the early stages of the cholera epidemic in Haiti, the median time between onset of symptoms and death in individuals who died before presentation to a cholera treatment center was 12 hours 35.

Chapter 2 literature review - University of Pretoria Careful and regular laboratory monitoring of the antibiotic sensitivity of circulating strains is recommended in all settings, including during an outbreak, to guide treatment. CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW. 2.1 INTRODUCTION. With an estimated 120,000 cholera associated deaths per year it must be considered one of the most.

Seasonality of cholera from 1974 to 2005 a review of global. O1 and O139 Vibrio cholerae strains that are resistant to antibiotics such as cyclines and quinolones have been isolated from all regions. This paper also provides a detailed literature review on regional patterns and environmental and climatic drivers of cholera patterns.

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